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How to Treat Valve Disease

  • Medications
    • Diuretics: Fluid pills that help get rid of extra fluid
    • Beta blockers: Relax the heart
  • Minimally invasive procedures
    • Balloons: Can open the tight valve
    • Clips: Can lessen the amount of leak
    • Stent valves: Can replace the broken valve with a new valve that is mounted inside a stent
  • Surgical procedures
    • The old valve is either repaired or replaced during an open-heart procedure. Some valve procedures can be done with small incisions.

Specific Therapies

  • TAVR (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement)
    • A stenotic aortic valve is replaced with a new valve that is mounted on a stent. The stent pushes the old valve out of the way and then the new valve starts working. This is typically done through a small puncture in the leg artery. Usually stay overnight.
  • Mitral Clip
    • A leaky mitral valve is fixed with a clip that grabs floppy ends of the valve and pinches them together. Typically done through a tube in the leg vein. Usually stay overnight.