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Treatments in Preventive Cardiology

Modifiable Risk Factors

  • Hypertension – medications and lifestyle changes
  • Cholesterol – medications and lifestyle changes
  • Obesity – medications, lifestyle changes and surgery
  • Smoking cessation – medications and clinic evaluation
  • Treat sleep apnea – sleep clinic
  • Exercise – at least 150 minutes of exercise a week
  • Diabetes – Keep A1c under 7.0 and close to 6.0

Genetic Conditions

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

  • Possible EKG, echocardiogram, MRI, genetic testing in relatives
  • Possible medications and defibrillators

Bicuspid aortic valve

  • Possible echocardiogram, CT scan and genetic testing in relatives
  • Possible valve treatments and aorta treatments

Sudden cardiac death

  • Possible EKG, echocardiogram, MRI and genetic testing in relatives
  • Possible medications and defibrillators

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

  • Possible ultrasound or CT scan in relatives
  • Possible aneurysm repair