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How to Treat CAD

  • Medications
    • Blood thinners: Aspirin, Plavix, Effient, Brilinta
    • Cholesterol therapy: Statins, PCSK9 inhibitors, Zetia, Vascepa
    • Beta blockers, Nitrates, Calcium Channel Blockers, Ranexa
  • Diabetes Management
  • Diet
  • Exercise
    • At least 150 minutes of exercise a week
  • Smoking Cessation
    • Smoking cessation clinic
    • Chantix, Wellbutrin, Patches, Hypnosis
  • Procedures to Fix Blocked Arteries
  • Angioplasty and Stent
    • Small tube placed in wrist artery or groin artery and small tubes taken up to heart. Pictures taken of the heart and the heart arteries. Blockages moved out the way with balloons that are temporarily inflated. Arteries are then kept open with small metal tubes called stents that are expanded into place on a balloon. Procedure done with mild sedation. Usually stay in hospital overnight.
  • Bypass Surgery
    • New arteries given to the heart. Requires open-heart surgery with full anesthesia support. Often stay in hospital 3-5 days.