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How to Treat Hypertension & Cholesterol

Hypertension

  • Weight loss
  • Avoid salt (less than 2 grams a day)
  • Diet
  • Exercise (at least 150 minutes of getting your heart rate up a week)
  • Medications
    • Diuretics: HCTZ, Chlorthalidone, Aldactone
    • Beta blockers: Metoprolol, Coreg, Atenolol, Bystolic
    • Calcium channel blockers: Norvasc, Cardizem
    • ACE inhibitors: Lisinpril, Benezapril, Ramapril
    • ARBs: Losartan, Diovan
    • Nitrates: Imdur
    • Smooth muscle relaxants; Hydralazine, minoxidil
    • Alpha 1 blockers: Hytrin
    • Alpha 2 agonists: Clondine
  • Fix secondary causes such as sleep apnea and kidney artery blockages

High Cholesterol

  • Diet (avoid animal fats)
  • Exercise (150 minutes a week)
  • Medications
    • Statins: Lipitor, Crestor, Zocor, Pravachol
    • Zetia
    • Fish oil: Lovaza, Vascepa
    • PCSK9 inhibitors: Praulent and Repatha
    • Fibrates: Lopid, Tricor
    • Binders: Cholestyramine, Welchol
    • Niacin