Health Library

Health Library

Back to Document

First Aid for Eyes

To lessen the risk of permanent damage caused by eye injuries, it is important to treat eye injuries immediately. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.

First aid for cuts in or around the eye:

  • Bandage the eye gently.

  • Do not rub the eye, do not rinse the eye, or apply any pressure.

  • Do not try to remove any particles.

  • Avoid taking aspirin, ibuprofen, or other nonsteroid anti-inflammatories as they may increase bleeding.

First aid when foreign particles enter the eye:

  • Pull the upper lid down onto lower lid and let lower eyelashes sweep away the particle by blinking repeatedly.

  • Let tears wash out the speck or particle.

  • Close your eye and seek medical attention immediately if the above procedure does not work.

  • Do not rub the eye.

First aid for chemical splashes:

  • Use fingers to separates lids, then flush the eye with water from a faucet or clean container.

  • Seek medical attention immediately.

  • Cover the eye.

First aid for physical trauma to the eye:

  • Gently apply small cold compresses without pressure immediately to reduce pain and swelling.

  • Contact your ophthalmologist, primary care health care provider, or emergency room immediately.